I came across with points on Theocracy, Liberty and Secularism in relationship with Islamic Social Justice and Concept of State in Islam.
For Islamic societies many wrongly contest that Islam and Islamic social justice require strong state involvement, mostly who are against it spread it but who are in favor have also toed this line without using their brain.
Their assumptions are not based on Quranic beliefs (as far as i understood one may differ).
If we try to understand it we see:
1 ) Equality of all humans is an essential point.There is no concept of sovereign immunity for any individual or group or institution.
2 ) Economy is based on real production and services not on fictitious interest base.
3 ) Social justice means equal social opportunities to grow means no exclusive rights
for any particular class to control the resources.
4 ) State is their not to control the resources but its role is merely to make sure no individual or group takes the control of resources made available by Allah to all.
5 ) Zakat or the minimal taxes are based on extra yearly savings or use of collective natural resources not on Income or Intellectual property. Though one may contest the prohibition is there or not but certainly the concept is not there at all of tax on income.
6 ) Family laws or society laws are only for Muslims who voluntarily accept the system based on Quran or Islam itself . Even in these cases the role is not to regulate to the micro-level or takeaway freedom but it is to ensure that the freedom of one doesn’t become a nightmare for others and doesn’t create social damages to society.
7 ) No force or compulsion on non-Muslims to follow it. Unlike the hypocrite secular govts. which make centralized laws force all the communities and followers of religious beliefs to follow it.
8 ) The dealing with other religions and societies are done through social agreements and
voluntary inclusion in society.